13 Star Antique Patriotic Banner with a 3rd Maryland Style Star Pattern | Circa 1890-1910

13 Star Antique Patriotic American Banner with a 3rd Maryland Style Star Pattern
Cowpens Style 13 Star Antique Flag Banner 2.jpg
Flag Once Believed to be the Original Battle of Cowpens Flag (Photograph Taken in 1908).jpg
3. 3 Black Image.jpg
Medium Frames.JPG
13 Star Antique Patriotic American Banner with a 3rd Maryland Style Star Pattern
Cowpens Style 13 Star Antique Flag Banner 2.jpg
Flag Once Believed to be the Original Battle of Cowpens Flag (Photograph Taken in 1908).jpg
3. 3 Black Image.jpg
Medium Frames.JPG

13 Star Antique Patriotic Banner with a 3rd Maryland Style Star Pattern | Circa 1890-1910

850.00

Frame Size (H x L): 31.5” x 16”  
Banner Size (H x L): 23.5” x 8”  

Offered is a thirteen-star banner, dating to between 1890 and 1910.  Banners of this form were used for a variety of patriotic purposes—including for use in parades, in political rallies, and store fronts—particularly between 1876 and into the early 1900s. 

This star pattern—a single star surrounded by a wreath of twelve stars—is referred a Cowpens pattern or as a 3rd Maryland pattern.  A flag with this pattern was said to have been carried by William Batchelor of the Maryland Light Infantry, at the Battle of Cowpens, in 1781.  The Battle was fought by Continental Army forces against the British Army, and proved to be a turning point in the Revolutionary War.  The actual flag used in the Battle of Cowpens was thought to have been in the possession of the state of Maryland.  However, Grace Rogers Cooper, former curator of textiles in the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of History and Technology, determined that the “actual flag” probably dated to no earlier than 1843.  This revised assessment was based on the kind of cotton stars, the kind of cotton thread, and a comparison with a positively identified Mexican War Era flag.   

Cowpens flags are among the most difficult of all thirteen-star flags to find, and they also have a fantastic visual appeal.  In our experience, of the thirteen-star antique flags that come to market, around 75% are the 3-2-3-2-3 Hopkinson pattern, around 20% are the medallion pattern, and the remaining 5% are various different patterns, including the Cowpens pattern, the 4-5-4 pattern, and Betsy Ross pattern.  While this banner is not a flag in the traditional sense, it makes for a great compliment to a flag collection and, likewise, a great patriotic decorator piece.            

The original use of the thirteen-star flag dates to June 14th, 1777, the time at which the Continental Congress adopted a resolution creating the first official flag.  The resolution stated, “Resolved, that the flag of the United States be made of thirteen stripes, alternate red and white, that the union be thirteen stars, white on a blue field, representing a new constellation.”  Thirteen-star flags were official from 1777-1795, but have been in use ever since. 

Small US Navy boats used it as the ensign from 1795 until 1916.  Thirteen-star flags were also flown at the time of George Washington’s death in 1799 and to celebrate the nation’s 50th anniversary in 1824.  They were also flown in 1824 in honor of General Lafayette’s return to the US for his nationwide tour.  Celebrations for his Revolutionary War service were held in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia, along with many locations in the southern and western states. 

Further, thirteen-star flags were also common during the Mexican War in 1846-1848 and the Civil War in 1861-1865.  They were both relatively close in time to the revolution, and were very patriotic times, particularly during the Civil War time period when flag use became much more common than had ever previously been the case.  Thirteen-star flags were also flown during the centennial celebrations, which were held across the country and, most notably, in Philadelphia at the Centennial International Exhibition. 

Conservation Process: This banner was hand sewn to cotton fabric, and both were hand sewn to a mounting board.  To prevent the black dye in the cotton fabric from seeping into the banner, it was first washed in a standard wash and then in a dye setting wash.  The banner is positioned behind a UV resistant acrylic, and spaced apart therefrom using spacers. 

Frame: This offering is in our Medium Distressed Black Frame.  However, it can be reframed and would look great using any one of our Medium Frames, which are shown in the final image.  The pricing associated with the different framing options may vary.  Reframing of an offering may delay shipment by up to two weeks.   

Condition Report: The banner is in excellent condition.

Collectability Level: The Good – Perfect for Beginning Collectors and Gifts Date of Origin: 1890-1910  
Number of Stars: 13
Associated War: Spanish-American War (1898)    
Associated State: Original 13 Colonie 

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