48 Star Antique Flag with Staggered Pattern and Elongated Form | Circa 1896-1912

48 Star Antique Flag with Staggered Star Pattern
Close-up of 48 Star Antique Flag with Staggered Star Pattern
48 Star Antique Flag with Staggered Star Pattern
Close-up of 48 Star Antique Flag with Staggered Star Pattern

48 Star Antique Flag with Staggered Pattern and Elongated Form | Circa 1896-1912

195.00

Frame Size (H x L): 11” x 15”
Flag Size (H x L): 3.5” x 8”   

Offered is a forty-eight star parade flag made of silk.  The forty-eight star flag represents the inclusion of New Mexico and Arizona to the Union.  New Mexico was admitted on January 6th, 1912, and Arizona was admitted on February 14th, 1912.  The forty-eight star flag became official on July 4th, 1912.  Presidents Taft, Wilson, Harding, Coolidge, Hoover, Roosevelt, Truman, and Eisenhower all served under this flag.  And World Wars I and II, and the Korean War were all fought under it. 

Until 1912, flag makers were free to arrange the stars on a flag’s canton in any manner they liked.  For example, this flag has a staggered star pattern, in that the rows are laterally offset relative to one another.  However, on June 24th, 1912, President Taft issued Executive Order 1556, specifying that the star arrangement on forty-eight star flags should be a rectilinear 8-8-8-8-8-8 pattern.  This flag is also very elongated in its form.  Executive Order 1556 was the first time that the exact proportions of the flag were specified, so many antique flags—such as this one—appear overly long.  

Because flag makers had a great deal of freedom in how they made flags prior to this Executive Order, many forty-eight star flags do not have a linear and horizontal arrangement, particularly those made in the late 19th century and into the teens (i.e., up to WWI).  We note the 19th century, because many antique flags are anticipatory in nature.  Flag makers would regularly anticipate how many states would be added, and when they would be added.  By the late 1890s, flag makers began anticipating and offering a forty-eight star flag.  To support this notion, many antique flags have been shown in early photographs dating to the 1890s, or include 1890s dates printed directly thereon.       

The forty-eight star flag was official for forty-seven years up until July 4th, 1959, the time at which the forty-nine star flag became official and began to represent the inclusion of Alaska in the Union.

Conservation Process: This flag was hand sewn to cotton fabric, and both were hand sewn to a mounting board.  To prevent the black dye in the cotton fabric from seeping into the flag, it was first washed in a standard wash and then in a dye setting wash.  The flag is positioned behind a UV resistant acrylic, and spaced apart therefrom using spacers. 

Frame: The antique frame has a gold liner and dates to between 1860 and 1890.  

Condition Report: This flag has a quarter-sized stain along its bottom stripes, near the fly end. 

Collectability Level: The Good – Perfect for Beginning Collectors and Gifts
Date of Origin: 1896-1912  
Number of Stars: 48
Associated State: Arizona  
Associated War: WWI, WWII, and Korean War

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